Holding cynical beliefs about others may have a negative effect on income, suggests a study by researchers from the University of Cologne. The paper, ‘Cynical Beliefs About Human Nature and Income: Longitudinal and Cross-cultural Analyses,’ by Olga Stavrova and Daniel Ehlebracht, was published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology in May. “While previous research has associated cynicism with detrimental outcomes across a wide range of spheres of life, including physical health, psychological wellbeing and marital adjustment, the present research has established an...

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